The knee is comprised of many supporting parts including muscles, ligaments, tendons, and bones. Each part of the knee is also subject to different kinds of injuries and disease. Just like the elbow, the knee is a hinge joint and is capable of supporting activities like running, squatting, jumping, and turning. However, it lacks the same range of motion as the shoulders, wrists, or even elbows.
Knee pain can make it difficult to perform your normal, everyday activities; and, it can also make maintaining an active lifestyle near impossible. Proper expertise is required for correct treatment and rehabilitation.
When other more conservative treatment options — including medication and physical therapy — no longer provide pain relief, joint replacement may be recommended.
Usually a case manager is assigned to work with you as you move through your rehabilitation routines. When you’re ready for discharge, the decision will be made concerning whether you can best continue to recover at home (the usual procedure) or in another facility where you may receive specialized rehabilitative help. If you do go to another facility, the goal will be to return you to your home, able to move about with a safe level of independence, within three to five days.
At various points during surgery, the alignment, function, and stability of the knee joint are evaluated and required adjustments are made. The prosthesis components are cemented into place, any contracted ligaments are released, the midvastus muscle is reconstructed, and the incision is closed.